Here are some anemias that aren't always thought of in the same breath as many other anemias.
- Vitamin C deficiency - since vitamin C enhances non-heme iron absorption in the gut, a vitamin C deficiency can cause a iron deficiency (microcytic and hypochromic) anemia.
- Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) deficiency - Vit. E prevents the peroxidation of lipid cell membranes by free oxygen radicals since vit. E is an anti-oxidant. When deficient in vit. E, one sign is acanthocytes in the peripheral blood smear. When these spiny RBCs burst it causes a hemolytic anemia
- Similarly, in abetalipoprotinemia, an autosomal recessive disorder of lipid absorption may manifest with acanthocytosis in part because vitamin E (a fat soluble vitamin) is also not being absorbed.
- Orotic Aciduria - megaloblastic anemia unresponsive to folate or B12. A number of wordy enzymes may be deficient but the essential problem here is pyrimidine synthesis and so DNA synthesis is subsequently impaired.
- This is very similar to B12 and folate deficiencies since in both of these cases, DNA synthesis is also impaired.